The 100 exhibits at the Vermont Marble Museum, with its 27,000 square feet
of exhibit space, is believed to be the largest marble exhibit in the world
and encompasses art, geology and history. The inner artist in you will find
inspiration from watching a resident sculptor create art from a block of rough-hewn
marble, while the history buff will marvel at the array of historical photographs
showing the operations of the Vermont Marble Company at the turn of the 19th
century. And the hands-on activities of the new Earth Alive! exhibit are bound
to awaken the latent geologist in any visitor.
Norman Rockwell couldn't have painted a more idyllic American place than the
tiny town of Proctor. Located seven
miles west of Rutland in central Vermont, Proctor boasts a church, bridge and
firehouse all made of Vermont's luminous white marble, mined at the first
major quarry in Proctor, the Sutherland Falls Quarry. Across from the firehouse,
the Vermont Marble Museum (formerly known as the Vermont Marble Exhibit) is
housed in a former cutting facility of the Vermont Marble Company, founded in
1880 by the flamboyant and wily Col. Redfield Proctor. A Stonehenge-like portal
made of enormous blocks of rough-cut Danby white marble greets visitors entering
the grounds, while elegant, four-foot-high sculptures of Italian Carrara marble
convey a serene hello to visitors in the main lobby.
The Vermont Marble Museum's Hall of Presidents highlights marble's artistic side. Courtesy of the Vermont Marble Museum
The Hall of Presidents and the Marble Chapel showcase Vermont marble's use as an artist's medium. The Hall of Presidents houses "bas-relief" portraits of every president through George Bush (father). Taking more than 25 years to complete, each portrait is carved from either Danby White or West Rutland White Statuary marble, and each sits on a base of Champlain Black and Danby Montclair. The steps, railing, baptismal and holy water fonts, walls and floor of the Marble Chapel exhibit showcase the exquisite and colorful variety of Vermont's marbles, including Swanton red for the walls and green Verde Antique for the floors.
A new exhibit in progress at the museum called Earth Alive! showcases Earth's dynamic history through a 160-degree mural, hands-on fossil activities, and a fluorescent mineral display. Another exhibit in progress is an interpretive one that is one-eighth mile long leading from the Museum to the Sutherland Falls quarry. Visitors will be able to take their knowledge of geology and Vermont marble and actually see where it all began in Earth. Interpretive signs will dot the trails by fall 2002.
From geology to history
The geology section of exhibit room 8 showcases marble's composition, colors,
classification, varieties and geographic distribution. The composition exhibit
highlights the formation of marble from limestone, but also informs the visitor
that "commercial marbles" are those stones that can take a polish,
and that an igneous, silicious rock called serpentine is considered a marble
and is marketed as the Verde Antique marble.
Artist-in-residence Allen Dwight poses with a marble sculpture made of West Rutland Marble. Courtesy of the Vermont Marble Museum
While the historical uses of marble in sculpture and architecture are well understood, a new exhibit focuses on marble's other, lesser-known uses. Called "CaCO3 Mineral of Life," this new exhibit highlights marble's use as a source of calcium carbonate, which is used in everyday products such as cement, antacids, rubber, stucco, toothpaste and pottery. Cosponsored by the mining company OMYA Inc., this new exhibit offers the visitor an insight into how humans depend on minerals for consumer necessities.
One of the most interesting aspects of the Vermont Marble Museum concerns the disparate worlds of immigration and photography. In the late 1800s, the Vermont Marble Company had an office at Ellis Island, where company officials would greet disembarking immigrants with questions in Italian, Welsh or Polish, asking them, "Stonecutter? Quarryman? Carver?" Thus many immigrants with quarrying experience in the Old World were hired for their experience in the New World and brought to the quarries in Vermont. At the same time, the Vermont Marble Company hired a staff photographer to document the period from 1890 to 1935. According to Pye, "The Museum has more than 40,000 glass negatives, some 12 inches by 12 inches, of the Vermont Marble Company in operation. The majority of these negatives show the company's immigrant workforce." By utilizing these photos and other documentation, the Museum plans to open a new exhibit in 2003, "Immigrant History of the Vermont Marble Company," dedicated to the contributions of immigrants to the Vermont Marble Company and to the country. Plans call for an interactive database for researching immigrant heritage.
From fine art to geology to American history, the Vermont Marble Museum offers the visitor a unique opportunity to learn how these three disparate subjects are connected through marble.